Travel Health

business travelerIf a person decides to travel out of the country for vacation, work or any other reason, there are health items that should be addressed before they leave.

Whether or not a person can travel should be evaluated and which immunizations, if any, are necessary should be considered. Meeting with a physician is necessary to help prepare a traveler for a healthy trip.

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Travel Health - IDC OrlandoBefore leaving to go out of the country, a traveler should consult with a physician. During the consultation, a physician and traveler will discuss any potential risks and necessary vaccinations.

A pre-travel consultation will cover:

  • The health background of the travel including past medical history and special conditions
  • The trip Itinerary
  • The trip duration
  • Travel style
  • Activities
  • Necessary immunizations
  • Potential health risks

A physician will also discuss likely exposures. This will include risks of injury, foodborne and waterborne infections, respiratory tract infection, bloodborne infections and sexually transmitted infections.

After traveling, a traveler should return to their physician for a post-travel consultation. A physician can help a returning traveler determine if they have any symptoms of travel-related diseases. A physician will also keep track of a patient’s travel history.

office-visit1Immunizations are a crucial part of a pre-travel consultation. This includes ensuring that routine vaccines are up to date while determining which, if any, new vaccines will be needed. Depending on where a traveler is going will depend on what vaccines and preventive medications will be necessary.

Preventive and self-treatment medications include:

  • Malaria chemoprophylaxis
  • Self-management of travelers’ diarrhea
  • Treatment for acute mountain sickness, motion sickness, jet lag or severe allergic reactions

Vaccines that may need to be updated or considered before traveling include:

  • Hepatitis vaccinations
  • Influenza
  • Measles, mumps, rubella
  • Rabies
  • Typhoid
  • Yellow Fever

A list of which vaccinations are needed for each country a traveler will be visiting can be found on the Center for Disease Control’s website.